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© 2014 Frank Dux    
 

Edward Snowden

#eee; border:1px solid #ccc; padding:5px 10px">(from en.wikipedia.org target="_blank">en.wikipedia.org)

Edward Joseph "Ed" Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an en.wikipedia.org>American en.wikipedia.org>computer professionaen.wikipedia.org>Edward Snowdenupload.wikimedia.org style="float:right; height:265px; margin:5px; width:220px" />en.wikipedia.org>l who en.wikipedia.org>leaked en.wikipedia.org>classified information from the en.wikipedia.org>National Security Agency (NSA), starting in June 2013. A former en.wikipedia.org>system administrator for the en.wikipedia.org>Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and a counterintelligence trainer at the en.wikipedia.org>Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), he later worked for the private intelligence contractor en.wikipedia.org>Dell inside an NSA outpost in en.wikipedia.org>Japan. In March 2013, he joined the consulting firm en.wikipedia.org>Booz Allen Hamilton inside the NSA center in en.wikipedia.org>Hawaii.en.wikipedia.org>[3] In June 2013, he came to international attention after disclosing to several media outlets thousands of classified documents that he acquired while working as an NSA en.wikipedia.org>contractoren.wikipedia.org>[4] for Dellen.wikipedia.org>[5] and Booz Allen Hamilton.en.wikipedia.org>[6] Snowden's leaked documents revealed numerous en.wikipedia.org>global surveillance programs, many of them run by the NSA and the en.wikipedia.org>Five Eyes with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments. A subject of controversy, Snowden has been variously called a en.wikipedia.org>hero,en.wikipedia.org>[7]en.wikipedia.org>[8]en.wikipedia.org>[9] a en.wikipedia.org>whistleblower,en.wikipedia.org>[10]en.wikipedia.org>[11]en.wikipedia.org>[12]en.wikipedia.org>[13] a en.wikipedia.org>dissident,en.wikipedia.org>[14] a en.wikipedia.org>patriot,en.wikipedia.org>[15]en.wikipedia.org>[16]en.wikipedia.org>[17] and a en.wikipedia.org>traitor.en.wikipedia.org>[18]en.wikipedia.org>[19]en.wikipedia.org>[20]en.wikipedia.org>[21]en.wikipedia.org>[22] His disclosures have fueled debates over en.wikipedia.org>mass surveillance, en.wikipedia.org>government secrecy, and the balance between en.wikipedia.org>national security and en.wikipedia.org>information privacy. Two court rulings since the initial leaks have split on the constitutionality of the NSA's bulk collection of telephone metadata.en.wikipedia.org>[23]

On May 20, 2013, Snowden flew from Hawaii to en.wikipedia.org>Hong Kong, where in early June he revealed numerous classified NSA documents to journalists en.wikipedia.org>Glenn Greenwald and en.wikipedia.org>Laura Poitras, both of whom he had summoned to Hong Kong for that purpose. On June 9, four days after the press first exposed a secret NSA program based on his leaks, Snowden made his identity public. On June 14 the en.wikipedia.org>U.S. Department of Justice charged him with two counts of violating the en.wikipedia.org>Espionage Act and theft of government property,en.wikipedia.org>[24] punishable by up to 30 years in prison.en.wikipedia.org>[25] The en.wikipedia.org>U.S. Department of State revoked his passport on June 22. According to en.wikipedia.org>Russian President en.wikipedia.org>Vladimir Putin, Snowden met with Russian diplomats while in Hong Kong.en.wikipedia.org>[26] On June 23, Snowden—who later said he had been ticketed for onward travel via en.wikipedia.org>Havana, Cuba—flew to Moscow's en.wikipedia.org>Sheremetyevo International Airport.en.wikipedia.org>[27] en.wikipedia.org>ABC News reported that Snowden "could not enter Russia because he did not have a Russian visa and he could not travel to safe haven opportunities in Latin America because the United States had canceled his passport."en.wikipedia.org>[28] Snowden remained in the airport transit zone for 39 days, during which time he applied for asylum in 21 countries. On August 1, 2013, Russian authorities granted him a one-year temporary en.wikipedia.org>asylum. A year later, Russia issued Snowden a three-year residency permit allowing him to travel freely within the country and to go abroad for not longer than three months.en.wikipedia.org>[29] He lives in an undisclosed location in Russia and is seeking asylum in the en.wikipedia.org>European Union,en.wikipedia.org>[30] although member state en.wikipedia.org>Germany—whi